For people who might rely on connections that aren’t as fast, this is a huge improvement. If you run a major video service like YouTube, this could save you a lot of money. Therefore, it shouldn’t come as much of a surprise that devices running Android 14 may require AV1 decoding support.
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Two commits on the AOSP Gerrit provide evidence that AV1 is required on Android 14-based devices. The Video Codec Test in the Android Compatibility Test Suite, or CTS, now includes AV1 encoding, which we discovered in the first commit.
CTS is a set of automated tests that check whether an Android OS version is compatible. A device may fail Google’s CTS if it does not meet the Android Compatibility Definition Document (CDD) requirements. It may prevent access to Google’s suite of applications.
In addition, Esper discovered a second commit that adds AV1 to the list of codecs that a device must be able to decode to pass. This commit’s direct reference to the unpublished CDD for Android 14 is particularly interesting because Google has not yet published it. And won’t until shortly before the release of Android 14.
It would be odd for Google to prevent OEMs from updating their devices to Android 14 based on AV1 compatibility, especially since the most recent generation of readily available flagship chips did not support AV1 except for less common options like MediaTek and Exynos.
If Google is indeed moving forward with its plan to make AV1 decoding and encoding a requirement in some way. There are two possible conclusions regarding what this all means. One will be the situation that main gadgets sending off with Android 14 will be expected to help AV1. Second, one gadget can translate and encode using programming. According to Esper, the decoding test only looks at whether the device can decode a single frame of AV1 video, not whether it is using a software or hardware decoder.
Regardless, this paves the way for the widespread adoption of AV1 streaming on mobile devices.
Lastly, Streaming services will be able to confidently implement the codec as smartphones. It is become increasingly compatible with it to assist users with limited data connections and save bandwidth costs. Google’s response and will update this article if we receive a response
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